La falta de empleo afecta a los hogares de nuestros compatriotas.

La migrante ecuatoriana Olga Pineda, después de una larga jornada de trabajo en Zaragoza, España, ya entrada la noche, llega al ‘piso’ a compartir unos pocos minutos con su familia y preparar los alimentos para no acostarse con el estómago vacío.

Luego del confinamiento y del distanciamiento social que obligó el coronavirus regresó a su lugar de trabajo, algo que otros compatriotas no lo han podido hacer, debido a que se cerraron algunas empresas y negocios.

Son las 07:00 de la noche en Ecuador y ella desde algún sector de Zaragoza, siete horas más tarde hace un doble esfuerzo para contarle a El Arca, el drama que están viviendo algunos compatriotas.

Ella dice que sabe que nuestro país está en crisis, pero que al no tener una información oficial, su canal de enlace son los familiares de los migrantes que llaman contando sus dramas y averiguando que ofrece España, luego del azote de la Covid-19.

Pineda no duda ni un segundo en afirmar que también están atravesando una situación crítica, sobre todo, las personas que no tienen un contrato de trabajo.  Otros compatriotas se han acogido al paro, y los que están legalmente y realizan labores de limpieza y afines reciben un subsidio que está entregando el Gobierno.

Pineda dirige la Asociación Cultural Ecuatoriana El Cóndor, fundada en el 2007. La organización tiene como objetivo el rescate de la cultura y la identidad de los ecuatorianos. Con los años han logrado promover proyectos sociales y comunitarios.

A esta entidad acuden compatriotas que trabajaban de camareros y meseros, pero que hoy están en la desocupación. Entre los dueños de los negocios quebrados también hay ecuatorianos.

Ellos, pese a la situación que atraviesan prefieren mantenerse allá, saben que si deciden volver al Ecuador tienen menos oportunidades de trabajo. “Nos da mucha pena enterarnos que el país se hunde en medio de la pobreza y la corrupción”, enfatiza.

Temen regresar

La activista comenta que entre los migrantes hay gente que regresó al Ecuador con toda la intención de quedarse, pero luego de unos meses volvió a España, totalmente desilusionados.

Ella cuenta que, al igual que en el Ecuador, en España han bajado las oportunidades de trabajo a escala global. “Antes a través de la organización solicitaban personal para algunas áreas, pero ahora ya no”, precisa.

Y si la situación es mala laboralmente en el ‘Viejo Continente’ los más afectados son los hombres, a las mujeres al menos les estarían solicitando para cuidar a un anciano o para limpieza.

“Para quienes tenemos un contrato de trabajo no es mayor problema, porque sabemos que tenemos un ingreso, pero hay otros casos que nos rompe el corazón no poder ayudarlos y nos hace pensar en nuestras familias”, expresa.

Sobre la pandemia menciona que se han presentado rebrotes y casos de contagio, principalmente, de la gente del campo que ha llegado a la ciudad para recoger la fruta.

No se conoce de casos de contagio de compatriotas, pero sí de ciudadanos de otras naciones que son parte de organizaciones como: el Campo Colectivo de Trabajadoras del Hogar.

Según la tabla salarial interprofesional, el sueldo básico de los compatriotas legales es de 31,66 euros al día, son 950 euros al mes, este no puede ser inferior a 13.300 euros al año.

Sin embargo, habría abusos en trabajadores del campo que son los que llegan a recoger la fruta y  mujeres de hogar, les estarán pagando a su conveniencia, esto porque no tienen papeles.

Hay gente que frente a la crisis consigue empleos a través de las redes de comunicación que mantienen con instituciones como La Casa de La Cultura y el Foro de Inmigración de Aragón.

“Aquí tenemos que apoyarnos en instituciones u organismos no gubernamentales. Trabajar solos como en el Ecuador no es posible, es mejor compartir, trabajar en red”. exclama.

Pineda señala que antes de radicarse en España, por su vínculo con las organizaciones, viajó en varias oportunidades para participar de cursos y capacitaciones, pero debido a la crisis política y económica que se vive en el Ecuador, en el 2003 decidió quedarse.

Desde muy joven, esta mujer amazónica, ha formado parte de algunas organizaciones indígenas y cuando llegó a España trató de vincularse a las agrupaciones de migrantes, pero terminó conformando la suya. (El Arca)

Por El Arca

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